** Updated 2019 **
Woodworking joints are useful in woodworking. It is one of the basics that you have to learn, practice and master. It can give you the ability of joining wood together and still come up with excellent results for every project.
At the very least, a more difficult joint is said to be a stronger choice, according to the pros. So beforehand and during the planning stage, woodworkers should decide on what woodworking joints to use.
Woodworking Ideas 101: Different Types of Wood Joinery
There are many types of wood joints that you have to know so that you can choose one most suitable for your project on hand. So without further ado, check out the following concepts that you must know.
1. Mitered Butt Joint
Almost of the same concept as a butt joint, but this wood joint involves two pieces of wood board joined not square to one another but at an angle. It is more pleasing to the eyes than the basic butt joint because it does not display the wood’s end grain. On a drawback, this joint isn’t durable.
2. Biscuit Joint
It is another method of joining wood pieces in order to create lovely wood projects. The technique is a modern approach in wood joinery and is a favorite among those that want to create an elegant tabletop using glue as well as on the beechwood ‘biscuit’ that will keep the boards in place.
3. Half-Lap Joint
You will easily distinguish it with two joined boards removed in order that they join but flushed with each other. It is a favorite among woodworkers, but then note that it might weaken two boards adjoined. On a good note, it is stronger than a basic butt joint.
4. Tongue and Groove Joint
It is a stronger joint that you can depend on better when trying to adjoin surface areas. Woodworkers commonly use it when trying to glue the wood joint.
5. Bridle Joint
It is another wood joinery to learn if you love woodworking. This joint is like the mortise and tenon joinery, wherein you cut a piece of tenon on one piece’s end and then cutting a mortise on the other wood piece that will accept the tenon.
This joint is used to hold a rail, such as legs, in uprights, providing it strength from compression. The joinery type is also resistant to racking. Here, you will need a mechanical pin or fastener.
You can use corner bridles if you’re looking to joint several frame pieces when each of them is shaped. And without sacrificing its integrity, you can remove a material from the joined pieces following assembly.
6. Butt Joint
It is a product of combining two wood butts together, commonly resulting to a right angle joined piece. It also appears to be square to the other board. Usually, this joint is fastened through mechanical fasteners and is used in wall framing on jobsites.
7. Pocket Joint
You can also makes use of the technique involving pre-drilling one pilot hole and cutting one slot that will result to a joined wood at an angle between the two boards prior to connecting them using a screw. Take note, though that you need to be sure that what you pre-drilled is accurate.
You can achieve it using jig. When can you use this type of joint? You might want to opt for it when working with cabinet face frames or any other applications requiring less strength.
8. Dado Joint
You can easily spot it in woodworking projects for its notable square-grooved slot on one of its board in which another piece of board will be fitted. It is used mostly on connecting plywood especially when making cabinets.
9. Rabbet Joint
It is also used in building cabinetry in many homes. This join is also notable for its similarity to a dado cut located on the board’s edge.
These joints can also be seen at the back of assemblies, including cabinets, for attaching to the box’s sides. Rabbet can add strength to these types of assemblies.
10. Dovetail Joint
It is known as one of the most sought after wood joints, which look elegant and beautiful. The joint is also strong that it can be relied on for your wood projects.
It is also a chosen joint by many woodworkers because it can add a touch of elegance in their projects. However, you need to learn some techniques to come up with the joint, such as hand cutting or using a jig.
11. Sliding Dovetail
One of the best wood joinery methods to use is the sliding dovetail, which is also a common choice for its many uses. For many, it is also a good alternative for a locking dado joint.
12. Box Joint
Some woodworkers are using the box joint when they don’t find using other joints practical. This joint is known to be a good alternative than using a dovetail joint.
However, this type doesn’t possess a dovetail’s mechanical strength. This joint is easy to make by using a wood router with a jib or a table saw.
13. Mortise and Tenon Joint
One of the classics when it comes to wood joinery, it has been an old favorite among woodworkers from the start. Many love it because it looks elegant and also a strong joint. When done correctly, you can achieve beautiful and tight joints for your project.
14. Half-Blind Dovetail Joint
There are instances when you have to hide both the dovetail’s edges. You can notice this in a drawer or closet front. In this case, woodworkers won’t want to see the dovetail on the front of the drawer.
This is the reason that many use a half-blind dovetail, which is a strong, elegant and clean joint that you can always count on.
There you have our woodworking tips on the types of wood joinery methods that you can use in your woodworking projects. Nevertheless, some of them are easy to make while some are not. Also, know that each of them is more suitable to use in one project than another is.
Without even saying, you should decide which of them to use prior to creating your woodworking project. Enjoy woodworking by choosing among these woodworking joints according to use. Happy Woodworking!
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